A brain condition known as epilepsy causes cats to have uncontrolled seizures out of nowhere. The seizures can range in severity from one to the next, with some of them even causing loss of consciousness.
There are many cases in which there is no known cause of the feline seizures. This is known as idiopathic epilepsy. Cats may have a genetic disposition to this problem. Other factors can cause cause epilepsy in cats such as allergies, medication side effects, tumors, infections, and disorders affecting the liver or kidneys. Cats that ingest toxic substances like chocolate or antifreeze may also have seizures.
Right before the onset of seizures in cats, they will have a short spell where they start acting a bit strange. They may appear dazed or even run away to seek shelter. Cats typically end up on their side once the seizures start and turn stiff and salivating. Urination and defection are also common during an episode. After the seizure has stopped, cats will appear confused and may wander around or even act like they can’t see.
When it comes to feline epilepsy, the vet will look to see what other possible health conditions could be causing the episodes. Routine blood testing, a urinalysis, and other standard tests will be conducted. Cats may also be subjected to an MRI or CT scan to study the brain, and a spinal tap can also be conducted.
If possible, you should provide the vet with a history of your cat. Cats that frequently spend time outside could have been exposed to chemicals or trauma that’s responsible for the episodes.
Epilepsy and seizures in cats can be treated with anti-convulsant medications if their severity warrants it. These medications may need to be taken for life. If they’re ever stopped, then the seizures may return and may even get worse.
When it comes to dealing with a cat currently having a seizure, avoid picking your cat up. You could easily be injured since your cat won’t be in their right mind. Try to make sure that nothing is in your cat’s path if they’re stumbling around, and get everyone else out of the room also. If feline seizures last more than three or four minutes, then immediate medical help should be sought.